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brunoBruno was born in 1035 in Cologne in Germany.  He was well educated, taught theology for about twenty years at Rheims France.  In 1084 he retired with six companions into the mountains near Grenoble France and founded the strict monastery of the Grande Chartreuse (Carthusians).  He was summoned to Rome by his former pupil, Pope Urban II, and while working for the pope, he founded further monasteries in Italy.  He died in a hermitage in Calabria south Italy in 1101.  He was never formally canonised because of the Carthusians’ aversion to public honours but Pope Leo X granted the Carthusians permission to celebrate his feast in 1514, and his name was placed on the Roman calendar in 1623. – CTS New Daily Roman Missal 2012, p 3045; Vatican II Weekday Missal 1975, p 1785; Catholic Online


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