He was born as Michael Ghislieri in Piedmont in 1504. He entered the Dominican Order and taught theology. After being ordained a bishop and named a cardinal, he was elected pope in 1565, taking the name of Pius V. He enforced the decrees of the council of Trent, organised a successful crusade against the Turks, published the Roman Catechism, and revised the Missal and Breviary. He also tried to counter Protestantism, and excommunicated Elizabeth I of England in 1570. He died on 1 May 1572. Buried at Santa Maria Maggiore Rome, he was canonised in 1712. – CTS New Daily Roman Missal 2012, p 2662; Christian Prayer 1990, p 1123.