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wenceslaus2Wenceslaus (Wenceslas, Vaclav) was born in 907 in the castle of Stochav near Prague. Brought up as a Christian by his aunt, he began his rule as Duke of Bohemia in 921.  The popular carol “Good King Wenceslas” speaks of his strong faith and concern for the poor.  However, he faced many trials in governing as a Christian prince and leading his people to the faith.  He was betrayed by his brother Boleslaus and killed by assassins on 27 Sept 929.  According to legend, his final words were, “Brother, may God forgive you.”  He was immediately recognised as a martyr and is venerated as the patron saint of Bohemia. – CTS New Daily Roman Missal 2012, p 3024; Chritstian Prayer 1990, p 1234

lorenzo ruizLorenzo Ruiz is the first Filipino saint. He is also the first Filipino martyred for the Christian Faith. Lorenzo Ruiz was a layman, married, and had two sons and a daughter. Born in Binondo, Manila, about 1600’s, he was educated in the school of the Dominicans there. He served as an altar boy and later was a helper and clerk-sacristan in the church of Binondo. He was a member of the Confraternity of the Rosary. He made his living probably as a calligrapher, one who renders documents in beautiful penmanship for private or official use. To be sure, that work denoted an accomplished and educated person, especially at a time when many an illustrious personage were far from excelling in this art. An adverse event made him leave the Philippines in 1636. When he was in his late twenties or early thirties, he became involved or was accused of being involved in a criminal case, the circumstances of which are far from clear. Whether he was involved or not, one thing was clear, he was afraid that, as a consequence of a trial or mistrial, he might be given a death sentence. Upon landing in Japan where Christians were being persecuted, he was arrested and imprisoned together with his companions. He underwent inhuman tortures and valiantly confessed his Christian Faith. Refusing to renounce his Faith, he told his executioner that he was ready to die for God and give himself for many thousands of lives if he had them. On 27 September 1637, he was hung from a gallows by his feet, his body falling into a pit. After two days of agony, he died of bleeding and suffocation. His body was cremated and the ashes thrown into the sea. He and fifteen companions, martyred in the same persecution, were beatified by Pope John Paul II in Manila on 18 February 1981 and  canonised on 18 October 1987 in Rome. – Catholic Online

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