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raphaelBorn on 1 Sept 1835, Rafael was a Polish Discalced Carmelite friar born as Józef Kalinowski inside the Russian partition of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, in the city of Vilnius.  He was a teacher, engineer, prisoner of war, royal tutor, and priest, who founded many monasteries around Poland after the suppression by the Russians. He died on 15 Nov 1907.  He was beatified by Pope John Paul II in 1991, the first man to be so recognised in the order of the Discalced Carmelites since St John of the Cross. – Catholic Online

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